Research by Arrive Alive shows that ejection from a vehicle is one of the most injurious events that can happen to a person in a car crash, with 75% of all vehicle occupants ejected from a vehicle in a crash dying as a result.
Studies have proved that seat-belts are effective in preventing ejections, with 44% of unrestrained passenger vehicle occupants who are killed being ejected, partially or totally, compared to only 5% of restrained occupants.
Car seats are a must for babies and young children that are to small for normal seat belts.
Peggy Mars of Wheel Well, an organisation that advocates for the safety of young people on the road and in transport, says that a rear-facing car seat is the best way to keep your child safe in the event of an accident. Children should be in a car seat or a booster seat until they are able to sit with their backs against the seat and their feet can touch the bottom of the car, she advises.
Since young children and babies have softer, under-developed skeletons, physical trauma from an accident without a restraint can result in devastating injuries and even death, explains Mars.
South Africans have an abysmal record for strapping their children in, with Childsafe.org reporting that 84% of SA children travel without any form of seat belt or safety restraint.
Arrive Alive says studies have revealed that child safety seats that are correctly installed for use by children age 0-4 years can reduce the need for hospitalisation by 69% after a road crash.