The agriculture inside the South Africa contributes about 10% of the formal occupation which are relatively low as compared to some parts of the country. South Africa comes with double farming economy, with the well-developed profitable farming as well as the substance-based production of crops within the profound rural areas.
Maize farming in South Africa was practiced by the indigenous Indians inside the country for thousands of years up to present. It is important for you to know how these people raise this crop, the origin, how they plant, the kinds of maize, and how they harvest it.
Despite of the fact that the origin of maize is still unknown, maize farming in South Africa has been one of the occupations of most indigenous people in Southern part of Africa. The first known proof of maize is the fossil of pollen grains which are approximately 80,000 years in age and that are nearly similar to the recent maize pollen.
The Kinds of Maize and Their Usages
These are the special forms of maize that were been improved since mid-20th century:
- Maize with exceptional high content of oil – utilized in the creation of the maize oil.
- High-protein maize – it contains around 18% of protein content against the roughly 10% of the ordinary corn which could aid to lower the amount of the protein concentrate like fish-meal and oilcake-meal needed for fair stock feed.
- So-called “quality-protein maize” – contains higher amount of lysine.
Planting, Fertilization and the Control of Chemical Weed
Maize farming in South Africa is done from the month of October up to December when enough rain had fallen to let the seeds of maize to germinate. Maize should be planted by rows and the gap between the rows may be different from one area to another depending on the rain.
Growth and the Development of the Corn Plant
When the soil is filled with enough water, the seeds of maize will absorb the moisture and then the seedlings will begin to develop. It needs 6-8 days to sprout. 4 to 6 weeks after the emerging process, around 8 up to 12 leaves of the new plant are wholly unfolded. 8 weeks after the emerging, you can see that the plant has 16 unfolded leaves already and corn plant was full-grown.
Harvesting and the Storage
2 combines are used commonly whereas the self-propelled combines are extremely famous with the narrower row-spacing. The combine reaper comes with an auger which feeds the bigger portion of the corn into the harvesting machine. The leaves will be exposed from the cobs while the seeds are removed from their stalks. The seeds will be separated from other plant material by means of using the fine and crude sieves.