SA Wildlife: Meet The Famous Springbok {Antidorcas Marsupialis} (Photo)

The Springbok prefers the more arid savannahs of the country, moving around at high speeds. Typical of this species is the jumping display which lead to its common name.

Springbok are fast sprinters. They reach speeds of 80 km per hour and jump more than 10 metres. Interesting jumping behaviour can be observed during and after the rare rainfalls. It is believed that for the joy of living, the animals jump up and down like bouncing balls, stretching their front and rear legs simultaneously and bending their heads down (called ‘pronking’).

In fear of attack, each springbok lets out a high pitched alarm. Both sexes have horns but those of the ram are thicker and rougher.

QUICK FACTS

Size

Springbok / Springbuck stand 75 cm high and weighs about 40 kg.

Habitat

Savannah; This species has adapted to the dry, barren areas and open grass plains and is thus found especially in the Free State, North West Province and in the Karoo up to the west coast.

Diet – Herbivores

Grasses, Leaves.

Socialisation

Springbok are herd animals and move in small herds during winter, but often crowd together in bigger herds in summer. They eat both grass and leaves and can go without drinking-water, because they get enough moisture from the succulent leaves. Where drinking-water is available they will use it.

Reproduction

Breeding occurs all year round. Each female gives birth to one fawn.

Life Expectancy

10 years in the wild

Predators

  • Cheetahs
  • Hyenas
  • Lions
  • Leopards

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