Here’s What You Should Know About Crime In South Africa

The South African Police Service has released the crime statistics for 2016, showing which crimes have increased – and decreased – in the past year.

According to the data, overall crime in South Africa has decreased between 2015 and 2016, with 2.1 million crimes reported in the 12 months measured. All general categories of crime decreased, except for contact crimes, which remained “stubborn”, the SAPS said.

Provincially, Limpopo and Mpumalanga crime levels increased, while all other provinces decreased. The Northern Cape remained stable, the SAPS said.

The SAPS said that the 2016 statistics were compiled in conjunction with Stats SA to assure that the process was subject to the tightest quality control. This came after criticism in 2015 that the police statistics were unaudited, bringing into question its reliability.

Stats SA says that, while the data released is not yet on the same level as other statistical information, it is compliant with required legislation, and is thus endorsed.

The biggest crime category to increase over the past year is robbery of cash-in-transit vehicles, though this is off of a relatively low base.

Between April 2014 and March 2015, there were 119 reported cases of these robberies – in the April 2015 to March 2016 period, this jumped 15.1% to 137 cases.

In terms of sheer number of crimes, however, the biggest increase was in cases of driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol, which saw 7,598 more cases reported in 2016.

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This was also the third highest percentage increase across all crime categories at 11.1%.

General theft and drug-related crimes remain the biggest problems in the country, with over 340,000 and just under 260,000 reported crimes in those categories respectively – though this is an improvement from 2015.

Break-ins at residential properties is the third biggest crime in the country, with over a quarter of a million cases.

SA crime stats for 2016

Category 2015 2016 Change
Aggravated Robbery 53 639 56 447 +5.23%
Contact Crimes 616 973 623 233 +1.01%
Crime detected as result of police action 356 919 355 926 -0.28%
Contact-related Crimes 125 789 124 804 -0.78%
Property-related Crimes 553 487 543 524 -1.80%
Other Serious Crimes 499 698 479 075 -4.13%
Total   2 206 505 2 126 552 -3.62%

Contact crimes include murder, attempted murder and sexual offences, as well as common assault and robbery.

Contact-related crimes include arson and malicious injury to property.

Other serious crimes include commercial crime, shop-lifting and all other types of theft – while aggravated robbery includes hijackings, robbery at residences and cash-in-transit heists and bank robberies.

Crimes detected as a result of police action cover crimes discovered by active policing, such as road-blocks and raids.

Crimes are counted per charge, not per docket, as one docket may contain many charges.

These are the crimes which have increased and decreased in the last year:

Biggest increase to biggest decrease in crimes 2016

Category 2015 2016 Change
Robbery of cash in transit 119 137 +15.1%
Carjacking 12 773 14 602 +14.3%
Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs 68 561 76 159 +11.1%
Murder 17 805 18 673 +4.9%
Attempted murder 17 537 18 127 +3.4%
Commercial crime 67 830 69 917 +3.1%
Robbery at non-residential premises 19 170 19 698 +2.8%
Robbery with aggravating circumstances 129 045 132 527 +2.7%
Robbery at residential premises 20 281 20 820 +2.7%
Common assault 161 486 164 958 +2.2%
Burglary at non-residential premises 74 358 75 008 +0.9%
Assault with the intent to inflict grievous bodily harm 182 556 182 933 +0.2%
Malicious injury to property 120 662 119 901 -0.6%
Stock-theft 24 965 24 715 -1.0%
Burglary at residential premises 253 716 250 606 -1.2%
Common robbery 54 927 54 110 -1.5%
Illegal possession of firearms and ammunition 15 116 14 772 -2.3%
Theft of motor vehicle and motorcycle 55 090 53 809 -2.3%
Drug-related crime 266 902 259 165 -2.9%
Sexual Offences 53 617 51 895 -3.2%
Shoplifting 71 327 68 786 -3.6%
Theft out of or from motor vehicle 145 358 139 386 -4.1%
Arson 5 127 4 903 -4.4%
All theft not mentioned elsewhere 360 541 340 372 -5.6%
Truck hijacking 1 279 1 184 -7.4%
Sexual offences discovered as result of police action 6 340 5 830 -8.0%
Bank robbery 17 6 -64.7%

According to Africacheck.org, because of the time periods between reporting the data and the financial year it covers, SAPS crime data is often at least 6 months out of date. The data for 2015’s stats covers April 2015 to March 2016.

Minister in the Presidency Jeff Radebe announced in June that crime stats will now be released quarterly to better track crime trends in the country.

Africa Check also points out that uncertainty hovers over crime data as many crimes go unreported, and that there is widespread mistrust of the SAPS itself.

For a full break-down of how to read crime data, read Africa Check’s guide to crime statistics online.

 

 

 

 

Source: Business Tech

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