A burning sensation in the eye is most common symptoms of dry eyes, It often occur with discharge or itching. These symptoms can put one’s eyes at the risk of damaging the eyes and even render one blind if not attended to, so its best to seek a doctor once you notice the symptoms.
Causes of burning eye
Eye infections: Symptoms like discharge, itching, burning eyes is usually caused by a viral or bacterial eye infection. Conjunctiva or pink eye is among the most common eye infections, which targets the conjunctiva, a thin membrane found along the part of the eye as well as the eyelid. Watery eyes and intense itching are among the symptoms of this infection which are usually accompanied with discharge that leaves a brittle covering on the eyelashes and in the eye corners. Blepharitis is also a common disorder of the eye that is generally not contagious and affects both sexes and people of all ages,this eye problem can be associated with skin disorders like seborrhea, rosacea or bacterial infection. It causes inflammation of the eyelash follicles present on the eyelid’s edge, resulting in the formation of a scales on the eyelashes that look like dandruff. Crusty discharge, itching, burning, lid redness of the eyelids or the eye and excessive tearing are among the most common signs of Blepharitis.
Foreign bodies in the eye: Discharge, burning eyes, and itching can also be caused if a foreign body has been launched into the eyes. The foreign bodies which might cause these symptoms are: Spices, plant material, insects, pollen,dirty etc.
Allergies: Burning eyes can be caused due to inflammation that results from allergies, both localized and airborne allergens can irritate and inflame your eyes. Moisturizers and makeup are examples of localized allergens while animal dander and pollens are examples of airborne allergens.
Exposure to pollutants present in the atmosphere like dust, smog or tobacco smoke is also among the causes of burning eyes. Shampoo, bleach, soap and other household cleaning solvents contain chemicals that can also cause eye burning.
Eye burning can sometimes be caused by the chlorine present in swimming pools.
Dry air that is either extremely hot or cold can also cause the eyes to burn.
Eye burning can occur due to the prolonged use of contact lenses, too.
Treatments of burning eyes
The itching in the eyes can be soothed by applying a cool compress, you may also find the crusts that form on the eyelashes can be softened by applying a warm compress. The crusts can also be removed by washing the eyelids with a cotton applicator coated with baby shampoo.
Dry eyes and other causes of eye irritation and eye burning can be treated through the use of artificial tears for around 4 to 6 times a day.
Itching and eye inflammation can be relieved by using steroid eye drops as well. The ulcers that have formed on the eye because of the damage caused by the infection can be treated very effectively by these eye drops, these eye ulcers are dangerous as they can cause serious harm to your eyesight.
Prescription of antibiotics in the shape of eye drops is often a treatment option for eye infections caused by bacteria. The doctor might prescribe oral antibiotics too if the drops are not enough for fighting the eye infection.
Avoid contact with allergens like cosmetic, pets and grasses can help you in treating eye burning. Antihistamine eye drops are usually prescribed by doctors to deal with allergies.
Most importantly visit an eye doctor for examination of the eye and treatment.