South Africa’s National Fish

National Fish: Galjoen

GaljoenThe galjoen, coracinus capensis, is a species of marine fish that is found only along the coast of South Africa. It keeps to mostly shallow water, and is often found in rough surf, sometimes right next to the shore and is known to every angler.

Near rocks, the colour of the galjoen is almost completely black, while in sandy areas the colour is silver-bronze. It is also known in KwaZulu-Natal as blackfish or black bream. The record size is over 55 cm and 7 kg, however the average is much smaller. The galjoen is a game fighter.

The diet of the galjoen consists mainly of red bait (ascidians), small mussels and barnacles. Its scales are very firmly attached and its fins are well-developed with prominent spines.

 

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