The mosquito-borne disease affects more than 500 million people annually, claiming between one million and three million lives each year, and is widely considered to be the deadliest disease in the world. Sub-Saharan Africa suffers the most, with nearly 90 percent of these cases, and children are disproportionately affected. Sadly, the illness was nearly eradicated completely 30 years ago, but has since come back with a vengeance.
The HIV and AIDS epidemic has been steadily growing worse each year, and of the 33 million people affected in the world, 65 percent live in sub-Saharan Africa. While treatment options are growing, the high price of medicine remains one of the biggest obstacles to tackling the epidemic. Insufficient sexual health education continues to be a problem too.
Tuberculosis or TB has become one of the deadliest diseases in Africa, often going hand-in-hand with HIV and AIDS. More than 8 million new TB cases are recorded each year, and more than half of those infected die if untreated. It’s estimated that a new TB infection occurs once every second in Africa due to malnutrition, a lack of immunization, and the mitigating prevalence of HIV/AIDS.
Another mosquito-borne illness, dengue fever is estimated to affect more than 50 million people each year. Outbreaks are most common in Africa and Asia. High fevers, pounding headaches, muscle and joint pain, and potential circulatory failure are all symptoms. Those suffering from it need to seek treatment which isn’t always readily available to ward off the worst possible outcome.
African Trypanosomiasis/Sleeping Sickness
Spread by the tsetse fly in many African countries, African trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness can cause extreme neurological damage from damaged sleep cycles when left untreated, resulting in death. The World Health Organization estimates more than 450,000 cases occur annually.
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A water-borne disease, cholera is spread through contaminated drinking water. It has been very difficult to combat in sub-Saharan Africa. Sierra Leone and Ghana both had serious recent outbreaks with tens of thousands of people infected. Governments have had to declare national emergencies to deal with the disease. Without proper hydration and removal from the source of unsanitary conditions, cholera can often result in death.
What is the south africa government doing to help the health of citizen?